This scrumptious and savory flat bread with a porous and tender crumb is infused and slathered with Extra Virgin Olive Oil and topped with Fresh Rosemary, Coarse Sea Salt, and the best imported Parmigiano-Reggiano Cheese you can find. Focaccia al Rosmarino is delicious alone as a snack or appetizer with a glass of wine or served as accompaniment to a full meal.
Focaccia (pronounced “fuh-KA-cha”) is a type of Italian yeast bread baked as a flat sheet or in disk. The name comes from the Latin ‘focacia‘ meaning hearth or fireside. The Focaccia dough is deeply flavored with extra virgin olive oil and topped with more extra virgin olive oil coarse sea salt, cheese, herbs and sometimes other vegetables. Common focaccia bread toppings include olives, mushrooms, onions, potatoes, or tomatoes. After the dough proofs, the baker brushes a generous amount of extra virgin olive oil and then uses their fingertips to dimple the entire surface of the focaccia dough. The focaccia dough is then topped lightly with coarse salt, cheese, and herbs, frequently rosemary is used.
The Focaccia Toppings – Use the Best!
You can’t make great tasting food from ingredients that are not of the best quality. This is a perfect opportunity to visit your local specialty food store or Italian Market to check out the Coarse Sea Salt, Extra Virgin Olive Oils and Parmigiano-Reggiano cheeses they have to offer. Ask for a taste and suggestions from the staff at the deli counter or owners. Here in the Detroit Metro Area we are lucky to have wonderful imported food emporiums like Zingerman’s Deli, Zingerman’s Creamery, and Cantoro’s Italian Market.
What is a “Poolish?” aka (Biga or Preferment)
Italian bakers use a stiff preferment known as a biga in Italy. This recipe uses a poolish which uses equal weight of flour and water making the hydration at 100%. This process of fermenting flour, water and a very small amount of yeast for an 8 to 10 hour period before incorporating it into the final dough develops the natural sweetness of the flour without the use of any refined sugar or sweetener in the final bread. The poolish also develops the final texture of the crumb and helps to preserve the bread by making it less perishable. To make the poolish is short work for the baker. Combine the water, flour, and yeast, beat to combine, cover and let ferment for 8 to 10 hours. You, the baker will be rewarded with amazing flavor and texture in your bread for just a few minutes of your time the night or morning before you plan to bake this bread.
As with all baking recipe I recommend you weigh the ingredients for the Focaccia al Rosmarino. Weighing ensures you have a consist dough each and every time. As a baker we are always striving to remove any variables from the process of baking.
The full instructional video for Focaccia al Rosmarino is at the bottom of this blog post. Follow this link to “LIKE” and “SUBSCRIBE” to my YouTube Channel “Just One Bite, Please?”
- Mixing Bowls
- Measuring Cups & Spoons/Electronic Baking Scale
- Rubber Spatula
- Plastic Bowl Scrape
- Non-Stick Spray or Extra Virgin Olive Oil
- Plastic Wrap
Poolish (Preferment) – Mix 8 to 10 hours before mixing the final dough
- Measured Grams Ingredients
- 1 cup 227 g. Water (room temperature)
- 1-1/2 cup 227 g. All-Purpose Flour (unbleached, unbromated)
- 1/4 tsp. 1/4 tsp. Instant Yeast
Mixing the Poolish (Preferment)
- In a mixing bowl, combine the water, instant yeast, and all-purpose flour
- Mix the ingredients with a rubber spatula to combine and then beat well.
- Scrape down the sides of the bowl and clean off the spatula.
- Cover with plastic wrap (cling film) and let ferment at room temperature 68º-74ºF (20º-23ºC) for 8 to 10 hours.
- Measured Grams Ingredients
- 2-½ cup 454 g. Poolish (from above)
- ½ cup 113 g. Water (room temperature)
- ½ tsp. 2 g. Instant Yeast
- 1/3 cup 70 g. Extra Virgin Olive Oil
- 2-½ cups 340 g. All Purpose Flour (unbleached, unbromated)
- 1-½ tsp. 14 g. Sea Salt (fine)
Mixing the dough:
- Combine the water with the fermented poolish and scrape the bowl to loosen the poolish.
- Pour the poolish into a large mixing bowl and add the olive oil, instant yeast, and half of the all-purpose flour.
- Mix using a rubber spatula to incorporate the ingredients and then beat until a smooth batter forms.
- Add the remaining all-purpose flour and sea salt and fold to combine.
- Mix until the dough becomes a shaggy mass.
- Scrape down the bowl and scrape off the rubber spatula with a plastic scrape and turn the dough onto the work surface.
- Knead the dough together for 2 to 3 minutes to incorporate the ingredients. The dough will be sticky. “Do not add any flour to the work surface.”
- Continue to knead the dough for 6 to 8 minutes or until the dough is strong and elastic.
- Round the dough into a ball.
- Spray a bowl with non-stick spray or oil and place the dough into the bowl. Cover with plastic wrap.
- Ferment the dough for 1 hour at room temperature 68ºF-74ºF (20ºC-23ºC)
- After 1 hour, uncover the dough.
- Lightly oil the work surface with Extra Virgin Olive Oil and turn the dough onto the oiled work surface.
- Degas the dough and stretch and fold the dough.
- Place the folded dough back into the bowl and cover with plastic wrap.
- Ferment the dough 1 hour at room temperature 68ºF-74ºF (20ºC-23ºC)
Pre-heat the oven and Baking Stone to 475ºF (246ºC) 1 hour before baking the focaccia
- Baking Stone 14″ x 16″ (Old Stone Oven Baking Stone)
- Cornmeal – 1/4 cup
- ½-Sheet of Parchment Paper
- Large Wooden Cutting Board or ½-Sheet Pan
- Cooling Rack
- Extra Virgin Olive Oil – 1/2 cup
- Pastry Brush
- Baker’s Peel/Pizza Peel
- Parmesan-Reggiano (coarsely grated) – 2 oz.
- Coarse Sea Salt – 2 tsp.
- Fresh Rosemary (coarsely chopped) 2 Tbsp.
Pre-shaping, Final Shaping, and Baking the Focaccia:
- Place a 1/2-sheet of parchment paper on the cutting board.
- Sprinkle the parchment paper with cornmeal and then set aside until needed.
- After the dough has fermented 1 hour. Lightly oil the work surface with Extra Virgin Olive Oil.
- Uncover the dough and turn it onto the oiled work surface.
- Degas the and press the dough into a 10” x 16” (25 cm x 40 cm) rectangle.
- Fold the short sides into the center of the dough.
- Fold and pinch the seams together to seal the dough.
- Turn the dough over and lightly press into a 8” x 12” (20 cm x 30 cm) rectangle.
- Place the dough onto the cornmeal coated parchment paper.
- Stretch and press to reform the dough into the 8” x 12” (20 cm x 30 cm) rectangle if necessary.
- Loosely cover the dough with plastic wrap.
- Proof the focaccia for 1 hour at room temperature 68ºF-74ºF (20ºC-23ºC) or until the dough holds an indentation from your finger tip.
- After 1 hour, uncover the focaccia and brush the top with Extra Virgin Olive Oil.
- Use your fingertips, press and dimple the surface of the focaccia to expand the focaccia into a 10” x 14” (25 cm x 35 cm) rectangle.
- Sprinkle the top of the focaccia with the coarse sea salt and the grated Parmesan cheese.
- Use the bakers peel and slide the focaccia onto the preheated baking stone.
- Bake the focaccia at 475ºF (246ºC) for 20 to 24 minutes or until the top is golden brown. Turn the focaccia during baking if necessary to get even browning.
- Remove the focaccia from the oven and place on a wire cooling rack.
- Immediately brush the baked focaccia with Extra Virgin Olive Oil and sprinkle the top with the chopped rosemary.
- Cool the focaccia for 20 minutes before cutting and eating.
Note: The Focaccia is best eaten within 3 days from the bake date. Store the Focaccia wrapped in plastic at room temperature or freeze. Thaw to room temperature and reheat in the oven to enjoy.