Focaccia al Rosmarino

This scrumptious and savory flatbread with a porous and tender crumb is infused and slathered with Extra Virgin Olive Oil and topped with Fresh Rosemary, Coarse Sea Salt, and the best imported Parmigiano-Reggiano Cheese you can find. Focaccia al Rosmarino is delicious alone as a snack or appetizer with a glass of wine or served as an accompaniment to a full meal.

Focaccia (pronounced “fuh-KA-cha”) is a type of Italian yeast bread baked as a flat sheet or in a disk. The name comes from the Latin ‘focacia‘ meaning hearth or fireside. The Focaccia dough is deeply flavored with extra virgin olive oil and topped with more extra virgin olive oil coarse sea salt, cheese,  herbs and sometimes other vegetables. Common focaccia bread toppings include olives, mushrooms, onions, potatoes, or tomatoes. After the dough proofs, the baker brushes a generous amount of extra virgin olive oil and then uses their fingertips to dimple the entire surface of the focaccia dough. The focaccia dough is then topped lightly with coarse salt, cheese, and herbs, frequently rosemary is used.

The Focaccia Toppings – Use the Best!

You can’t make great tasting food from ingredients that are not of the best quality. This is a perfect opportunity to visit your local specialty food store or Italian Market to check out the Coarse Sea Salt, Extra Virgin Olive Oils and Parmigiano-Reggiano cheeses they have to offer. Ask for a taste and suggestions from the staff at the deli counter or owners.  Here in the Detroit Metro Area, we are lucky to have wonderful imported food emporiums like Zingerman’s Deli, Zingerman’s Creamery, and Cantoro’s Italian Market.

What is a “Poolish?” aka (Biga or Preferment)

Italian bakers use a stiff preferment known as a biga in Italy. This recipe uses a poolish which uses an equal weight of flour and water making the hydration at 100%. This process of fermenting flour, water and a very small amount of yeast for an 8 to 10 hour period before incorporating it into the final dough develops the natural sweetness of the flour without the use of any refined sugar or sweetener in the final bread. The poolish also develops the final texture of the crumb and helps to preserve the bread by making it less perishable. To make the poolish is short work for the baker. Combine the water, flour, and yeast beat to combine, cover and let ferment for 8 to 10 hours. You, the baker will be rewarded with amazing flavor and texture in your bread for just a few minutes of your time the night or morning before you plan to bake this bread.

As with all baking recipe I recommend you weigh the ingredients for the Focaccia al Rosmarino. Weighing ensures you have a consistent dough each and every time. As bakers, we are always striving to remove any variables from the process of baking.

The full instructional video for Focaccia al Rosmarino is at the bottom of this blog post. Follow this link to “LIKE” and “SUBSCRIBE” to my YouTube Channel “Just One Bite, Please?”

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Poolish (Preferment) – Mix 8 to 10 hours before mixing the final dough

  • Measured          Grams             Ingredients
  • 1 cup                       227 g.            Water (room temperature)
  • 1-1/2 cup                227 g.            All-Purpose Flour (unbleached, unbromated)
  • 1/4 tsp.                 1/4 tsp.            Instant Yeast

Mixing the Poolish (Preferment)

  1. In a mixing bowl, combine the water, instant yeast, and all-purpose flour
  2. Mix the ingredients with a rubber spatula to combine and then beat well.
  3. Scrape down the sides of the bowl and clean off the spatula.
  4. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap (cling film) and let ferment at room temperature 68º-74ºF (20º-23ºC) for 8 to 10 hours.

Final Dough

  • Measured          Grams             Ingredients
  • 2-½ cup                   454 g.           Poolish (from above)
  • ½ cup                      113 g.           Water (room temperature)
  • ½ tsp.                          2 g.            Instant Yeast
  • 1/3 cup                     70 g.            Extra Virgin Olive Oil
  • 2-½ cups                340 g.            All Purpose Flour (unbleached, unbromated)
  • 1-½ tsp.                    14 g.            Sea Salt (fine)

Mixing the dough:

  1. Combine the water with the fermented poolish and scrape the bowl to loosen the poolish.
  2. Pour the poolish into a large mixing bowl and add the olive oil, instant yeast, and half of the all-purpose flour.
  3. Mix using a rubber spatula to incorporate the ingredients and then beat until a smooth batter forms.
  4. Add the remaining all-purpose flour and sea salt and fold to combine.
  5. Mix until the dough becomes a shaggy mass.
  6. Scrape down the bowl and scrape off the rubber spatula with a plastic scrape and turn the dough onto the work surface.
  7. Knead the dough together for 2 to 3 minutes to incorporate the ingredients. The dough will be sticky. Do not add any flour to the work surface.”
  8. Continue to knead the dough for 6 to 8 minutes or until the dough is strong and elastic.
  9. Round the dough into a ball.
  10. Spray a bowl with non-stick spray or oil and place the dough into the bowl. Cover with plastic wrap.
  11. Ferment the dough for 1 hour at room temperature 68ºF-74ºF (20ºC-23ºC)
  12. After 1 hour, uncover the dough.
  13. Lightly oil the work surface with Extra Virgin Olive Oil and turn the dough onto the oiled work surface.
  14. Degas the dough and stretch and fold the dough.
  15. Place the folded dough back into the bowl and cover with plastic wrap.
  16. Ferment the dough 1 hour at room temperature 68ºF-74ºF (20ºC-23ºC)

Pre-heat the oven and Baking Stone to 475ºF (246ºC) 1 hour before baking the focaccia


Pre-shaping, Final Shaping, and Baking the Focaccia:

  1. Place a 1/2-sheet of parchment paper on the cutting board.
  2. Sprinkle the parchment paper with cornmeal and then set aside until needed.
  3. After the dough has fermented 1 hour. Lightly oil the work surface with Extra Virgin Olive Oil.
  4. Uncover the dough and turn it onto the oiled work surface.
  5. Degas the and press the dough into a 10” x 16” (25 cm x 40 cm) rectangle.
  6. Fold the short sides into the center of the dough.
  7. Fold and pinch the seams together to seal the dough.
  8. Turn the dough over and lightly press into an 8” x 12” (20 cm x 30 cm) rectangle.
  9. Place the dough onto the cornmeal coated parchment paper.
  10. Stretch and press to reform the dough into the 8” x 12” (20 cm x 30 cm) rectangle if necessary.
  11. Loosely cover the dough with plastic wrap.
  12. Proof the focaccia for 1 hour at room temperature 68ºF-74ºF (20ºC-23ºC) or until the dough holds an indentation from your fingertip.
  13. After 1 hour, uncover the focaccia and brush the top with Extra Virgin Olive Oil.
  14. Use your fingertips, press and dimple the surface of the focaccia to expand the focaccia into a 10” x 14” (25 cm x 35 cm) rectangle.
  15. Sprinkle the top of the focaccia with the coarse sea salt and the grated Parmesan cheese.
  16. Use the bakers’ peel and slide the focaccia onto the preheated baking stone.
  17. Bake the focaccia at 475ºF (246ºC) for 20 to 24 minutes or until the top is golden brown. Turn the focaccia during baking if necessary to get even browning.
  18. Remove the focaccia from the oven and place on a wire cooling rack.
  19. Immediately brush the baked focaccia with Extra Virgin Olive Oil and sprinkle the top with the chopped rosemary.
  20. Cool the focaccia for 20 minutes before cutting and eating.
  21. Enjoy!

Note: The Focaccia is best eaten within 3 days from the baking date. Store the Focaccia wrapped in plastic at room temperature or freeze. Thaw to room temperature and reheat in the oven to enjoy.

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186 thoughts on “Focaccia al Rosmarino

  1. Richa Bhardwaj

    Thank you for this recipe! I’m really looking forward to trying it. However, I only have active dry yeast on hand. How would I adjust the recipe for both the poolish and the dough?

    1. Alejandro Ramon

      Hello Richa, It is nice to meet you. I recommend using a slightly bit more of the Active Dry Yeast for the poolish making sure to activate the yeast according to the manufactures recommendations. Use 3/4 tsp of Active Dry Yeast for the final dough. Have a great time making your focaccia!

      1. WES

        It seems the volume measurements have been incorrectly converted into the weights. For example 1.5 tsp salt is 8 grams not 14. There are differences for the water and flour conversions. Which are correct for how you make the recipe?

        1. Alejandro Ramon

          Hello Wes, It is nice to meet you. I appreciate you waiting for my response. As with all baking recipes I recommend you weigh the ingredients for the Focaccia al Rosmarino. Weighing ensures you have a consistent dough each and every time. As bakers, we are always striving to remove any variables from the process of baking. Thank you for taking the time to write and ask your question. Have a great day!

      2. Erica

        Hi, I’m crossing my fingers that you can reply to me before it’s oven heating time. I do not have a baking stone or peel. I do have half sheet pans and a cast iron Dutch oven. How should I proceed for best results?

        1. Alejandro Ramon

          Hello Erica, I appreciate you waiting for my response. You can preheat the half sheet pan in the oven upside down and when the focaccia is ready to be baked you can slide the focaccia on the parchment directly onto the sheet pan. This will produce good oven spring for the focaccia and allow you to bake it as directed in the recipe. The Dutch Oven is another option. Once preheated it will hold on the heat and produce excellent oven spring for the focaccia. Depending on the size you’ll need to divide and shape the dough to fit into Dutch Oven. I’d love to hear about your results. Thank you so much for taking the time to write and ask your question. Have great day!

  2. miao

    hi i just made focaccia following your recipe! this is my first time attempting so i was really worried but it turned out quite good! one thing though is that i couldn’t get such big air pockets on my focaccia like yours in the picture instead i got a really cake like texture with really small air bubbles. idk if its because i used dry active yeast instead or if its because my pan was too small or if i pressed it too much but how were you able to get such big air pockets? please let me know so i can try again!! thank you for the lovely recipe!! 🙂

    1. Alejandro Ramon

      Hello Miao, It is nice to meet you. Congratulations on your baking success making the focaccia. I would recommend to look for the dough to become very bubbly during the final proof and dimple less to get more open crumb structure in the baked focaccia. It is also important to bake on a preheated baking stone to give the dough the proper oven spring. I hope this helps you with your baking quest. Thank you for writing and have a great day!

  3. Kenza

    The best foccacia recipe, ever !!! thank you so much, it is very clear and precise with the video !
    unfortunately for me, my oven heats up to 230 ° max … but it still the best i’ve ever cooked !

    1. Alejandro Ramon

      Hello Kenza, It is nice to meet you. Congratulations on your baking success making the focaccia. It sounds like you made do with your oven temperature. Thank you for taking the time to write and share your experience with us. Have a wonderful day!

  4. Maria

    Hello thanks you very much for this recipe, is the only one I found without using a machine. Finally! I was wondering if can still bake it with one the stone? Since I don’t have one… Thanks

    1. Alejandro Ramon

      Hello Maria, It is nice to meet you. Yes, you can bake this on a heavy sheet tray or cast iron pan that has been preheated in the oven. I use the cast iron pan upside down and bake on the bottom of the pan. Shape the focaccia to the size and shape of the pan and use parchment paper for the best results. Have a good time baking!

  5. Bernardo Batista

    Hi from Brazil!!! I’m writing this comment while my focaccia bakes! I followed every single step, paying attention to every single detail, and my focaccia looks exactly like yours! This is only because you made a perfect fail proof job. Thanks for you time and dedication to share with others!!!! You got a new fan!!!

    1. Alejandro Ramon

      Hello Bernardo, It is my pleasure to meet you. Welcome to the Just One Bite, Please? community. I truly appreciate you taking the time to share your experience with making the focaccia. Congratulations on your baking success! I also appreciate you supporting my work. Thank you and have a wonderful day!

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